Modification : TCO-PEG3 Mal Oligo
Catalog Reference Number
Molecular Weight (mw)
Extinction Coeficient (ec)
Technical Info (pdf)
This modification is a post synthesis maleimide conjugation to a reduced thiol amino group thus an additional modification with thiol group is required. A C3 or C6 thiol group can be placed at the 5' or for internal positions Thiol C6 dT modified base is used.
Maleimide based modifications yields are lower as compared to direct automated coupling of modifications that are available as amidites. Approximate yield for various scales are given below.
~2 nmol final yield for 50 nmol scale synthesis.
~5 nmol final yield for 200 nmol scale synthesis.
~16 nmol final yield for 1 umol scale synthesis
~32 nmol final yield for 2 umol scale synthesis
~160 nmol final yield for 10 umol scale synthesis
~240 nmol final yield for 15 umol scale synthesis
Click here for a complete list of Click Chemistry Oligo Modifications
TCO (trans-cyclooctene) NHS ester can be used to introduce an active azide group to an amino-modified oligonucleotide. Introduction can be done at either the 5'- or 3'-end, or internally. To do this, the oligo first must be synthesized with a primary amino functional group modification, e.g Amino C3, C6 or C12 for the 5' end or amino C3, C6 or C7 for the 3' end for the ends) or the amino C6 version of the base phosphoramidite (for internal labeling). The Azide C2 NHS ester is then manually attached to the oligo through the amino group in a separate reaction post-synthesis.
The presence of the azide allows the user to use "Click Chemistry" (a [3+2] cycloaddition reaction between alkynes and azides, using copper (I) iodide as a catalyst) to conjugate the azide-modified oligo to a terminal alkyne-modified oligo with extremely high regioselectivity and efficiency (1,2). Preparation of the alkyne-modified oligo can be achieved using the 5'-Hexynyl modifier (see its respective tech sheet for details). Click chemistry can be used to form short, cyclic oligos that can be used as research tools in various biophysical and biological studies (3). In particular, they have considerable potential for in vivo work, as cyclic oligos are known to be very stable in serum for up to several days.
1. Huisgen, R. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2. Rostovtsev, V.V., Green, L.G., Fokin, V.V., Sharpless, K.B. A Stepwise Huisgen Cycloaddition Process: Copper(I)-Catalyzed Regioselective Ligation of Azides and Terminal Alkynes. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
3. Kumar, R., El-Sagheer, A., Tumpane, J., Lincoln, P., Wilhelmsson, L.M., Brown, T. Template-Directed Oligonucleotide Strand Ligation, Covalent Intramolecular DNA Circularization and Catenation Using Click Chemistry. J. Am. Chem. Soc.
- TCO-PEG3 Maleimide Oligo